考古学 TPO33-L1 The Great Pyramid

1. What is the lecture mainly about?

A) Building techniques that were common in the ancient world

B) Evidence of several early attempts to build a pyramid

C) Possible answers to an ancient mystery

D) The history of the pyramids of Egypt


2. According to the professor, what is the main argument against the theory that the stone blocks of the Great Pyramid were lifted into place with cranes?

A) Wooden cranes would have been too weak to lift the blocks.

B) There is no evidence of ancient Egyptians ever using cranes.

C) The use of cranes would have resulted in imprecise dimensions.

D) There would not have been enough room for a platform for the cranes.


3. Why does the professor mention a mountain road?

A) To illustrate an alternative to a steep ramp

B) To emphasize the effort needed to move large stone blocks

C) To imply that progress on the Great Pyramid was slow

D) To describe the shape of the road leading to the Giza Plateau


4. Why does the professor talk about the accuracy of the proportions of the Great Pyramid?

A) To provide background on the principles of microgravimetry

B) To discount the possibility that a ramp once spiraled around outside of the pyramid

C) To explain the effectiveness of computer models of the pyramid

D) To emphasize the difficulty of building a ramp with the correct slope


5. The professor discusses different methods the Egyptians may have used to build the Great Pyramid. For each method listed below, place a check in the box that show with whom it is associated. Click the correct boxes. This question is worth 2 points.

  Herodotus Houdin Neither Herodotus nor Houdin
Spiral ramp inside the pyramid      
Wooden cranes used to lift heavy blocks      
A straight ramp used for the entire pyramid      
A straight ramp used for the bottom of the pyramid only      

6. What is the professor’s view of the Houdin’s theory?

A) She would like to see more detailed microgravimetric surveys before she will be convinced it is true.

B) She is surprised at how similar it is to Herodotus’ theory.

C) She finds the microgravimetric evidence for it to be very strong.

D) She thinks it is plausible but leaves some important questions unanswered.

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