HUGEdu 托福写作入学测试

 

HUGEdu 托福写作入学测试


Make sure your headset is on.

This section measures your ability to use writing to communicate in an academic environment. There will be 2 writing tasks.



1-Integrated Writing

Now you will see the reading passage for 3 minutes. Remember that it will be available to you again when you write. Immediately after the reading time ends, the lecture will begin, so keep your headset on until the lecture is over.

After the lecture, you have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the quality of your writing and on how well you response presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to the reading passage. Typically, an effective response will be 150 to 225 words.

Turn to your pages or words to answer the question with formal writing format. Then submit your answer to your consultant.


Reading

While scientists have been seriously observing animal behavior for well over a hundred years, the study of why animals play has only recently become a serious research topic. At least three different theories have been advanced to explain the phenomenon.

The first theory is called the surplus energy theory. This theory maintains that some animals, mammals for example, are so efficient at using energy that they often do not manage to spend all the energy they receive through food. They end up with unused, surplus energy that they cannot store. According to this theory, animals have to play to get rid of the surplus energy that they have not used.

A second theory is called the instinctpractice theory. It states that young animals play as part of their physical education. The physical actions that animals will need to use for survival are instinctual, that is, preprogrammed in their brains. The animals, however, have to train their bodies to be able to perform these actions. So this theory explains why the play of young animals centers on reallife tasks. For example, predatory animals those that hunt, kill, and consume other animals for food have often been observed attacking and biting during play, which are precisely the skills they will need in order to hunt for food.

A third theory, called the social functions theory, is that animals play to establish social relationships within their group. Basically, play gives animals a chance to bond with the other members in their group. For example, in a study of rats, those that played together made highpitched squeaks that were accompanied by the release of pleasurecausing chemicals in the brain. This association of play with pleasure may motivate the animals to stay together as a  harmonious group even while not playing.

Listening



2-Independent Writing

Directions: Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay. Typically, an effective response will contain a minimum of 300 words.


Do you agree or disagree with the statement :

Compared with people who live in cities, people who live in rural areas can take better care of families.

Turn to your pages or words to answer the question with formal writing format. Then submit your answer to your consultant.


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