建筑学 TPO32-L4 Harriet Morrison Irwin

TPO32-L4

Harriet Morrison Irwin

Listen to part of a lecture in an architectural history class.

 



  1. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
  • A. An architect from the United States and a house design she created.
  • B. The disadvantage of houses based on a square design.
  • C. Difficulties faced by residential architects in the nineteenth century.
  • D. Women who had a major influence on architecture in the United States.

 

  1. Why does the professor quote from the journal The American Architect and Building News?
  • A. To point out a source of biographical information about Harriet Morrison Irwin.
  • B. To emphasize his point that there were few southern U.S. architects in the nineteenth century.
  • C. To support his assertion that nineteenth-century residential architects did not get enough respect.
  • D. To point out that interest in southern U.S. architecture increased during the nineteenth century.

 

  1. What does the professor say about Irwin’s education in architecture?
  • A. She acquired knowledge through independent study.
  • B. She studied with an architect who helped her patent her design.
  • C. She was trained in architecture starting at a young age.
  • D. She was the first woman in the United States to attend architecture school.

 

  1. What feature of Irwin’s design shows the influence of John Ruskin?
  • A. The size of the rooms.
  • B. The length and shape of the hallways.
  • C. The main entrance of the house.
  • D. The placement of windows and doors.

 

  1. According to the professor, what interior features of the house Irwin designed were especially beneficial?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWER]
  • A. Circular rooms with windows in the ceiling.
  • B. Floors that were easy to clean.
  • C. A large, spacious common area.
  • D. A single-fireplace system that heated the entire house.

 

  1. What does the professor imply about Irwin’s nineteenth-century biographers?
  • A. They were probably envious of her success.
  • B. They did not sufficiently value function in residential architecture.
  • C. They did not know much about architects from the southern United States.
  • D. They understood the difficulties faced by women architects.

答案:A C A D BD B

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