人类学 TPO44-L3 New Guinea

TPO44-L3

New Guinea

Listen to part of a lecture in an anthropology class.

 



  1. What is the lecture mainly about?
  • A. The spread of early agricultural methods from New Guinea to other cultures.
  • B. Differences in the types of crops grown in early centers of agriculture.
  • C. Evidence supporting the theory that agriculture developed independently in New Guinea.
  • D. Techniques used by researchers to identify farming methods in the earliest centers of agriculture.

 

  1. According to the professor, why was the archaeological evidence found in New Guinea during the 1960s and 1970s inconclusive?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. Construction of agricultural drainage ditches had damaged much of the archaeological evidence.
  • B. Plant remains were not well preserved in the climate of New Guinea.
  • C. Ancient types of domestic plants were no longer grown by modern farmers.
  • D. It was unclear whether evidence of early deforestation suggested planting or hunting.

 

  1. Why does the professor talk about layers of soil?
  • A. To show how phases of agricultural development were linked to evidence of population growth.
  • B. To describe how researchers identified several phases of agricultural development in New Guinea.
  • C. To illustrate how swampy conditions cause archaeological remains to deteriorate.
  • D. To describe one of the methods of farming used at Kuk.

 

  1. Why did researchers conclude that the taro remains found near Kuk were a result of farming?
  • A. Taro does not grow wild in highland areas.
  • B. Taro is a native plant of China.
  • C. Taro was only found in a very small area near Kuk.
  • D. Taro normally does not grow in wet climates.

 

  1. What evidence indicated that bananas were being cultivated in New Guinea during an earlier period than was previously thought?
    [CHOOSE 3 ANSWERS]
  • A. High concentrations of fossil remains of bananas.
  • B. The discovery of stone tools designed to harvest bananas.
  • C. The presence of regularly distributed mounds.
  • D. Indications that Kuk did not become a swampy wetland until approximately 7,000 years ago.
  • E. Genetic analyses of banana remains in New Guinea and Southeast Asia.

 

  1. What point does the professor make about the theory that agriculture brings about social change?
  • A. Recent research has yielded unexpected evidence supporting the theory.
  • B. The theory seems to be contradicted by the development of society in New Guinea.
  • C. Future discoveries in Kuk are likely to provide definitive proof for the theory.
  • D. The theory explains why New Guinea has become an egalitarian society.


答案:C BD B A ACE B

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