Listen to part of a lecture in an anthropology class.
- What is the lecture mainly about?
- A. The spread of early agricultural methods from New Guinea to other cultures.
- B. Differences in the types of crops grown in early centers of agriculture.
- C. Evidence supporting the theory that agriculture developed independently in New Guinea.
- D. Techniques used by researchers to identify farming methods in the earliest centers of agriculture.
- According to the professor, why was the archaeological evidence found in New Guinea during the 1960s and 1970s inconclusive?
[CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
- A. Construction of agricultural drainage ditches had damaged much of the archaeological evidence.
- B. Plant remains were not well preserved in the climate of New Guinea.
- C. Ancient types of domestic plants were no longer grown by modern farmers.
- D. It was unclear whether evidence of early deforestation suggested planting or hunting.
- Why does the professor talk about layers of soil?
- A. To show how phases of agricultural development were linked to evidence of population growth.
- B. To describe how researchers identified several phases of agricultural development in New Guinea.
- C. To illustrate how swampy conditions cause archaeological remains to deteriorate.
- D. To describe one of the methods of farming used at Kuk.
- Why did researchers conclude that the taro remains found near Kuk were a result of farming?
- A. Taro does not grow wild in highland areas.
- B. Taro is a native plant of China.
- C. Taro was only found in a very small area near Kuk.
- D. Taro normally does not grow in wet climates.
- What evidence indicated that bananas were being cultivated in New Guinea during an earlier period than was previously thought?
[CHOOSE 3 ANSWERS]
- A. High concentrations of fossil remains of bananas.
- B. The discovery of stone tools designed to harvest bananas.
- C. The presence of regularly distributed mounds.
- D. Indications that Kuk did not become a swampy wetland until approximately 7,000 years ago.
- E. Genetic analyses of banana remains in New Guinea and Southeast Asia.
- What point does the professor make about the theory that agriculture brings about social change?
- A. Recent research has yielded unexpected evidence supporting the theory.
- B. The theory seems to be contradicted by the development of society in New Guinea.
- C. Future discoveries in Kuk are likely to provide definitive proof for the theory.
- D. The theory explains why New Guinea has become an egalitarian society.