历史 TPO51-L4 Heliocentric Theory

TPO51-L4

Heliocentric Theory

Listen to part of a discussion in a history of science class. The class is discussing the heliocentric theory.

 



  1. What is the professor’s main purpose in the discussion?
  • A. To compare modern and past theories about the solar system
  • B. To examine the astronomical research that led to the acceptance of the heliocentric theory
  • C. To evaluate changes in seventeenth-century astronomy
  • D. To explain why some people resisted the heliocentric theory

 

  1. What do the examples of riding a horse and walking represent?
  • A. Speeds that people were familiar with
  • B. Demonstrations of movement that Galileo used in an experiment
  • C. The movement of the planets across the sky
  • D. Types of motion that can be felt

 

  1. What point does the professor make when he discusses a ride at an amusement park?
  • A. That some people thought Earth’s orbit was perfectly round
  • B. That people expect to be affected by centrifugal force
  • C. That some things can appear to move when they are not moving
  • D. That moving at high speeds is not always dangerous

 

  1. According to the professor, 400 years ago what was believed to be true about Earth’s atmosphere?
  • A. It prevented high-speed motion of objects on Earth.
  • B. It would only move if Earth moved.
  • C. It was not affected by the motion of the Sun.
  • D. It was not held down by any force.

 

  1. Why does the professor talk about dropping a matchstick?
  • A. To imply that Earth’s equator is not the best place to test the law of gravity
  • B. To indicate that the atmosphere affects how fast objects fall
  • C. To illustrate how natural it is to have anti-heliocentric beliefs
  • D. To identify the inspiration for anti-heliocentrism

 

  1. What does the professor mean when he says this: 🎧
  • A. Some arguments for heliocentrism made sense to many scientists.
  • B. Some reactions to heliocentrism served to refine the theory.
  • C. Some arguments against heliocentrism were supported by observation.
  • D. Some scientists who rejected heliocentrism accepted it later.


答案:
D A B D C C

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