历史 TPO51-L2 The The Transmission of A Number System

TPO51-L2

The The Transmission of A Number System

Listen to part of a lecture in a world history class.

 



  1. What does the professor mainly discuss?
  • A. The advantages and disadvantages of the Roman numeral system
  • B. The importance of the number zero in tracking commercial transactions
  • C. How a new number system affected trade
  • D. How a number system spread from one society to another

 

  1. What does the professor imply about the record-keeping methods used by early Western Europeans?
  • A. They led directly to advances in basic engineering.
  • B. They required an understanding of elementary algebra.
  • C. They did not require a counting system that included the number zero.
  • D. They were more sophisticated than those used in the Middle East.

 

  1. What role did the Italian mathematician Fibonacci play in the example of cultural diffusion that the professor describes?
  • A. He introduced a text in Europe that he had translated from Arabic.
  • B. He was the first to use the number zero in higher-level mathematics.
  • C. He encouraged the use of a new number system in tracking grain production.
  • D. He translated an Italian text into Arabic during his travels through the Middle East.

 

  1. What is the professor’s opinion about the effects of the new number system on European society?
  • A. Its most important effects were on merchants and tradespeople.
  • B. It had little impact on daily life.
  • C. It affected engineers more than other scientists.
  • D. It quickly caused most people’s lives to change radically.

 

  1. Why does the professor mention domes in architecture?
  • A. To point out a style of architecture that was not spread by traveling merchants
  • B. To emphasize that the speed at which cultural diffusion occurs can vary widely
  • C. To give an example of a type of engineering that is only possible with the use of zero
  • D. To explain that domes were invented in Asia but were more popular in Rome

 

  1. What can be inferred about the professor when she says this: 🎧

 

  • A. She wants the students to appreciate the mathematical significance of the Fibonacci sequence.
  • B. She believes that Fibonacci’s contributions to mathematics were unoriginal.
  • C. She is impressed by the breadth of Fibonacci’s genius.
  • D. She is surprised at the reason that Fibonacci is primarily remembered today.


答案:
D C A B D B

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