生物学 TPO50-L2 The Classification Of Creatures

TPO50-L2

The Classification Of Creatures

Listen to part of a lecture in a biology class.

 



  1. What is the lecture mainly about?
  • A. The importance of classifying living organisms
  • B. The history of biological classification
  • C. The impact of the microscope on biological classification
  • D. The naming of newly discovered organisms

 

  1. Why does the professor describe “lumpers” and “splitters”?
  • A. To emphasize one difference between early and modern biologists
  • B. To point out that early biological classifications were not based on scientific principles
  • C. To give examples of categories in early biological classification systems
  • D. To identify approaches that have shaped the development of biological classification systems

 

  1. What can be inferred about biologists before the time of Carolus Linnaeus?
  • A. They did not agree on the names of many living things.
  • B. Very few of them used microscopes.
  • C. They were puzzled by the discovery of microorganisms that lacked a nucleus.
  • D. They had to be fluent in several languages in order to publish their research.

 

  1. What does the professor mention as two characteristics of extremophiles?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. They live in harsh environments.
  • B. They are much larger than most other types of bacteria.
  • C. In their structure they may resemble viruses.
  • D. In their biochemistry, they may be similar to plants and animals.

 

  1. What is the professor’s attitude toward the current system of biological classification?
  • A. She is surprised that biologists have not changed the system for so many years.
  • B. She is upset that so many unnecessary distinctions have been added.
  • C. She is not confident that the system has been finalized.
  • D. She is eager for biologists to adopt a completely new system.

 

  1. What does the professor imply when she says this: 🎧
  • A. The microscope was developed specifically for the purpose of studying and classifying microorganisms.
  • B. The invention of the microscope enabled scientists to confirm predictions about the characteristics of microorganisms.
  • C. Organisms discovered with early microscopes were classified according to categories that Aristotle established.
  • D. Microscopes helped scientists clarify distinctions between the plant kingdom and the animal kingdom.


答案:
B D A AD C C

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