天文学 TPO21-L1 Geocentric Theory

TPO21-L1

Geocentric Theory

Listen to part of a lecture in a history of science class.

 



  1. What is the purpose of the lecture?
  • A. To explain how the heliocentric theory of the universe developed.
  • B. To give an example of the persistence of traditional theories
  • C. To show that scientific knowledge is rarely influenced by philosophy.
  • D. To compare methods in observational and theoretical astronomy.

 

  1. Why did the ancient Greeks hold geocentric view of the universe?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. The sun appeared to them to revolve around Earth.
  • B. They had not developed methods of gathering accurate data on the movement of planets.
  • C. Their religious and philosophical beliefs supported this view.
  • D. Some of the planets in the solar system had not been discovered yet.

 

  1. Why does the professor point out that Greek astronomers tried to explain new astronomical discoveries within the geocentric concept?
  • A. To explain why early astronomers found new discoveries exciting.
  • B. To explain why some claims made by ancient Greek astronomers conflict with claims made by earlier astronomers.
  • C. To illustrate that the geocentric concept was open to many interpretations.
  • D. To illustrate that the geocentric concept itself was not considered questionable.

 

  1. Why does the professor discuss the epicycle theory?
  • A. To explain why early astronomers started measuring the velocity of the planets.
  • B. To explain why the astronomer Aristarchus rejected the geocentric model.
  • C. To show how explained the apparent backward motion of some planets.
  • D. To show that early astronomers believed that all planets moved in their own orbits around the sun.

 

  1. In the professor’s view, what might have caused Aristarchus to propose the heliocentric theory?
  • A. The discovery that Earth was much smaller than the sun.
  • B. The lack of proof supporting the theory of epicycles.
  • C. The influence of well-known philosophers.
  • D. The apparent stability of Earth.

 

  1. What were two arguments ancient Greeks used to reject the heliocentric model?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. More stars would be visible in a heliocentric universe.
  • B. A moving Earth would create a strong wind.
  • C. Aristarchus’s calculations were inaccurate.
  • D. Objects fall toward the center of the universe.


答案:
B AC D C A BD

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