Listen to part of a lecture in an animal behavior class.
- What is the discussion mainly about?
- A. The professor’s recent research on play and brain development.
- B. Differing explanations of the reasons for play.
- C. Examples of two distinct types of play fighting.
- D. Differences in the play behaviors of various animal specials.
- One of the students brings up the example of play fighting among wolf pups. What does this example lead him to believe?
- A. That wolves are especially violent animals.
- B. That the play-as-preparation hypothesis is probably correct.
- C. That wolves seldom engage in self-handicapping.
- D. That the results of a recent study are probably not reliable.
- Which statement best expresses the professor’s opinion of the play-as-preparation hypothesis?
- A. It is well supported by available evidence.
- B. It may apply only to certain species of animals.
- C. It does not explain some important aspects of play.
- D. It is particularly useful explaining human behavior.
- What does the professor imply about self-handicapping?
[CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
- A. It commonly occurs in play but not in other activities.
- B. It applies only to animal species that do not hunt for food.
- C. It has been observed only in laboratory settings.
- D. It contradicts the play-as-preparation hypothesis.
- The professor discusses a study on the relationship between brain growth and play. What does that study conclude?
- A. Patterns of brain growth are similar in animals that play and animals that do not play.
- B. Excessive brain growth can sometimes limit an animal’s behavioral vocabulary.
- C. Animals that do not play have less-developed brains than animals that play.
- D. Animals without well-developed brains are seldom observed playing.
- What does the student mean when she says this: 🎧
- A. She is not familiar with the play behavior of wolf pups.
- B. She doubts that wolf pups fight as much as the other students implies.
- C. She is not sure that she correctly understood the reading assignment.
- D. She disagrees with the other student’s opinion about play behavior.
B B C AD C D