- What is the lecture mainly about?
- A. Various methods that ants use to locate food
- B. A collective behavior common to humans and animals
- C. A type of animal behavior and its application by humans
- D. Strategies that flocks of birds use to stay in formation
- According to the professor, what behavior plays an important role in the way ants obtain food?
- A. Ants usually take a different path when they return to their nest.
- B. Ants leave chemical trails when they are outside the nest.
- C. Small groups of ants search in different locations.
- D. Ants leave pieces of food along the path as markers.
- What are two principles of swarm intelligence based on the ant example?
[CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
- A. Individuals are aware of the group goal.
- B. Individuals act on information in their local environment.
- C. Individuals follow a leader’s guidance.
- D. Individuals instinctively follow a set of rules.
- According to the professor, what path is followed by both telephone calls on a network and ants seeking food?
- A. The path with the least amount of activity
- B. The most crowded path
- C. The path that is most reinforced
- D. The path that has intermediate stopping points
- Why does the professor mention movies?
- A. To identify movie scenes with computer-simulated flocks of birds
- B. To identify a good source of information about swarm intelligence
- C. To emphasize how difficult it still is to simulate bird flight
- D. To explain that some special effects in movies are based on swarm intelligence
- What is the professor’s attitude about attempts to create computer-generated crowds of people?
- A. She believes that the rules of birds’ flocking behavior do not apply to group behavior in humans.
- B. She thinks that crowd scenes could be improved by using the behavior of ant colonies as a model.
- C. She is surprised by how realistic the computer-generated crowds are.
- D. She is impressed that computer graphics can create such a wide range of emotions.
C B BD C D A