TPO46L3 Precious Blue Pigment (Art History)



1.What is the lecture mainly about?

A. The economic factors that made lapis lazuli expensive

B. The types of paintings in which the color blue is popular

C. Early processes for making blue pigments from stones

D. Difficulties using the color blue in early paintings


2.What was Gainsborough’s goal when he painted The Blue Boy?

A. To find an acceptable alternative to ultramarine pigment

B. To demonstrate that blue should be used only in certain paintings

C. To contradict a common belief about the use of blue in a painting

D. To protest the high costs of painting with most blue pigments


3.What does the professor imply about smalt as a substitute for lapis lazuli?

A. It eventually became as expensive as lapis lazuli.

B. It was used frequently throughout the nineteenth century.

C. It was not of an acceptable quality for many artists.

D. It was seen as a better substitute for lapis lazuli than azurite was.


4.What two points does the professor make about the process of turning lapis lazuli into ultramarine? [Click on 2 answers.]

A. It took a lot of time.

B. It required expensive tools.

C. It did not produce much pigment.

D. It was perfected by the French.


5.Why does the professor mention the French government?

A. To indicate who sponsored the digging of additional lapis lazuli mines

B. To emphasize the importance of developing an affordable blue pigment 

C. To point out that artists were not permitted to use certain stones to make pigments 

D. To question the government’s use of public funds to support the arts


6.What does the professor imply when he says this: 

A. He is not convinced the Egyptians made the first synthetic pigment

B. He is impressed by the Egyptians’ accomplishment.

C. The process the Egyptians used is now widely known.

D. The Egyptian pigment was of lower quality than today’s pigments.


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