TPO28L1 Foundationalism (Philosophy)

音频

题目

1.What is the lecture mainly about?

A. The importance of Locke’s view to modern philosophical thought

B. How Descartes’ view of knowledge influenced trends of Western philosophy

C. How two philosophers viewed foundational knowledge claims

D. The difference between foundationalism and methodological thought

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2.Why does the professor mention a house?

A. To explain an idea about the organization of human knowledge

B. To illustrate the unreliability of our perception of physical objects

C. To clarify the difference between two points of view about the basis of human knowledge

D. To remind students of a point he made about Descartes in a previous lecture

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3.What did Locke believed to be the most basic type of human knowledge?

A. Knowledge of one’s own existence

B. Knowledge acquired through the senses

C. Knowledge humans are born with

D. Knowledge passed down from the previous generations

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4.According to the professor, what was Descartes’ purpose for using methodological doubt?

A. To discover what can be considered foundational knowledge claims

B. To challenge the philosophical concept of foundationalism

C. To show that one’s existence cannot be proven

D. To demonstrate that Locke’s view were essentially correct

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5.For Decartes, what was the significance of dreaming?

A. He believed that his best ideas came to him in dreams.

B. He regarded dreaming as the strongest proof that human exists.

C. Dreaming supports his contention that reality has many aspects.

D. Dreaming illustrates why human experience of reality cannot always be trusted.

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6.According to Descartes, what kind of belief should serve as foundation for all other knowledge claims?

A. A belief that is consistent with what one sees and hears.

B. A belief that most other people share.

C. A belief that one has held since childhood.

D. A belief that can not be false.


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