1.What is the lecture mainly about?
A. The transplantation of young coral to new reef sites
B. Efforts to improve the chances of survival of coral reefs
C. The effects of temperature change on coral reefs
D. Confirming the reasons behind the decline of coral reefs
2.According to the professor, how might researches predict the onset of coral bleaching in the future?
A. By monitoring populations of coral predators
B. By monitoring bleach-resistant coral species
C. By monitoring sea surface temperatures
D. By monitoring degraded reefs that have recovered
3.What is the professor’s opinion about coral transplantation?
A. It is cost-effective.
B. It is long-term solution.
C. It is producing encouraging results.
D. It does not solve the underlying problems.
4.Why does the professor discuss refugia? [Click on 2 answers.]
A. To explain that the location of coral within a reef affects the coral’s ability to survive
B. To point out why some coral species are more susceptible to bleaching than others
C. To suggest that bleaching is not as detrimental to coral health as first thought
D. To illustrate the importance of studying coral that has a low vulnerability to bleaching
5.What does the professor imply about the impact of mangrove forests on coral-reef ecosystems?
A. Mangrove forests provide habitat for wildlife that feed on coral predators.
B. Mangrove forests improve the water quality of nearby reefs.
C. Mangrove forests can produce sediments that pollute coral habitats.
D. Mangrove forests compete with nearby coral reefs for certain nutrients.
6.According to the professor, what effect do lobsters and sea urchin have on a coral reef?
A. They protect a reef by feeding on destructive organism.
B. They harm a reef by taking away important nutrients.
C. They filter pollutants from water around a reef.
D. They prevent a reef from growing by preying on young corals.