TPO24L3 Megafauna (Archaeology)

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题目

1.What is the lecture mainly about?

A. Theories about how large animals were able to survive the most recent ice age

B. Environmental changes that occur following an ice age

C. Theories about the hunting methods used by early humans in North America

D. Explanations for the disappearance of large animals in North America

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2.Why does the professor mention an archaeological site in Southern California?

A. To present evidence that supports the hunting theory

B. To present evidence that mammoths migrated southward to avoid cold winters

C. To point out that mammoth bones are usually found near human debris

D. To demonstrate that large animals were able to survive in a variety of habitats

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3.What is the professor’s opinion about the Clovis people?

A. Their excessive hunting of mammoths was responsible for the extinction of these animals.

B. Their lack of tools for processing meat contradicts the hunting theory.

C. They were less accomplished at hunting mammoths than the hunting theory suggests.

D. They were probably too afraid of large animals to hunt them.

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4.According to the climate change theory, how did the climate change at the end of the ice age make it more difficult for large animals to survive?

[Click on 2 answers.]

A. By reducing the size of their habitats

B. By forcing them to endure a wider range of temperatures

C. By reducing the variety of food available to them

D. By forcing them to live near humans

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5.What does the professor imply is one problem with the climate change theory?

A. Many large animals actually benefitted from the climate change.

B. Large animals had survived previous climate changes.

C. Large animals were probably already near extinction before the climate changed.

D. New evidence suggests that the climate change was not as extreme as scientists once believed.

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6.The professor mentions a series of computer simulations. What did the simulations suggest?

A. The killing of only a few mammoths could lead to a significant reduction in the mammoth population.

B. Many mammoths died as the result of an extended drought.

C. Female mammoths were less able than male mammoths to adapt to climate change.

D. Both hunting and climate change contributed to the extinction of the mammoths.


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