TPO19L1 Family Tree Model (Linguistics)



1.What does the professor mainly discuss?

A. Same characteristics that are common in several languages

B. A way to represent languages that are genetically related

C. Which languages probably evolved from Proto-Indo-European

D. Linguists’ opinions about why languages change over time


2.What point does the professor make when she says that some languages have similar-sounding words?

A. Most languages with similar-sounding words seem related but are not.

B. Eighteenth-century scholars reached an inaccurate conclusion about ancient languages.

C. There is limited information available about how ancient languages sounded.

D. There is more than one possible explanation for similarities among languages.


3.What does the professor say was an important discovery in linguistics?

A. Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin had the same parent language.

B. Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin borrowed words from each other.

C. Proto-Indo-European was not a real language.

D. Most languages have several sister languages.


4.Based on the discussion, what information can be shown on a tree model?

A. That several languages share a common ancestor

B. Whether a language is in the process of dying out

C. When a certain language came into existence

D. Why sister languages exist in the same geographical area


5.Why does the professor mention variation within a language?

A. To reinforce a point she made about Proto-Indo-European

B. To explain the original purpose of the tree model

C. To point out information that the tree model does not show

D. To explain why tree models have become overly complicated


6.What can be inferred about the professor when she says this.

A. She is not sure what causes languages to change.

B. She does not think that languages change quickly.

C. She thinks a fact she just mentioned about language might be hard to believe.

D. She thinks languages evolved differently in the past than they do now.


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