1.What is the lecture mainly about?
A. Professional pianists of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
B. The influence of the piano on music and society
C. A comparison of the piano and harpsichord
D. A comparison of musical styles before and after the invention of the piano
2.What does the professor mention as Influences on musical styles before the invention of the piano?
A. The preferences of particular patrons
B. The low numbers of available instruments
C. Increases in the number of music schools
D. Reductions in the costs of producing instruments
3.Why does the professor describe how a piano works’?
A. To explain why pianos are easy to play
B. To explain why pianos are expensive to construct
C. To explain why pianos are not classified as string instruments
D. To explain why pianos do not require frequent tuning
4.According to the professor, why did the piano become more popular than the harpsichord?
A. Piano music was easier to compose than harpsichord music.
B. Piano music was better for accompanying the popular new dances of the 1700s.
C. The piano had a more attractive size and shape than the harpsichord.
D. The piano could express a wider range of emotions than the harpsichord.
5.Why does the professor discuss Clara Schumann?
A. She influenced the design of the modern piano.
B. She grew up in an environment that encouraged female musicians.
C. Her musical talents were inherited from her parents.
D. Her background and Robert Schumann’s background were similar.
6.What does the professor imply when he says this:
A. He will not write a term on the blackboard.
B. The students do not have to take notes.
C. The situation was described in the reading.
D. The students can easily guess what he means.