TPO15L1 Distraction (Psychology)

音频

题目

1.What is the lecture mainly about?

A. Methods people use to eliminate distractions

B. The area of the brain responsible for blocking distractions

C. The usefulness of questionnaires in assessing distractibility

D. Research about how the brain deals with distractions

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2.According to the professor, what are two weaknesses of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire? [Click on 2 answers.]

A. It relies on subjective reporting.

B. It assesses a limited number of situations.

C. It does not assess visual distractions.

D. It does not account for factors other than distractibility.

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3.What hypotheses about distraction and the brain were Lavie’s experiments involving star fields designed to investigate? [Click on 2 answers.]

A. Whether the capacity of the brain to process irrelevant information varies from person to person

B. Whether the brain perceives information that is irrelevant to the performance of a task

C. Whether the brain deals with distractions by categorizing irrelevant information as low priority

D. Whether the visual cortex is activated during the sensation of movement

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4.What did Lavie’s scans of subjects’ visual cortexes reveal?

A. Area V5 became less active when tasks became more difficult.

B. The presence of the star field did not affect activity in area V5.

C. Area V5 became more active as more information appeared on the screen.

D. Stimulating area V5 interfered with subjects’ ability to perceive motion.

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5.Why does the professor mention a highway?

A. To compare two experiments designed to study distraction

B. To give an example of when area V5 might be activated

C. To describe a limitation in the brain’s processing capacity

D. To make a point about the effect of distractions on driving

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6.What is the professor’s opinion of Lavie’s work?

A. She thinks it resolves most of the major questions about distraction.

B. She feels it is of limited use because of flaws in the study designs.

C. She believes it has changed the direction of research on distraction.

D. She thinks its findings can be applied only to visual distraction.


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