Foraging and farming
1. What is the lecture mainly about?
- A. The relative advantages of foraging and farming
- B. The discovery of evidence that dates the origin of agriculture
- C. The differences between early farmers and modern farmers
- D. The reasons foraging is no longer practiced today
2. In what ways was the forager’s diet preferable to that of the early farmer?
[CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
- A. It had greater variety
- B. It contained more protein
- C. The foods were easier to digest
- D. The foods were easier to cook
3. Why does the professor mention skeletons found in Greece and Turkey?
- A. To support the theory that many early farmers died of starvation
- B. To demonstrate that height is dependent on geographical location
- C. To contrast the difference in height between early farmers and foragers
- D. To point out the similarities to remains found in China and in other parts of Europe
4. According to the professor, what was a possible result of the selective breeding of crop plants?
- A. The plants became more resistant to heat and cold
- B. The plants became more vulnerable to disease
- C. Crop plants quickly became the only source of food
- D. The plants required more water to grow
5. What is the professor’s attitude toward the classification of ancient people as either foragers or farmers?
- A. She believes that such classifications have generally been accurate
- B. She doubts that any new evidence could challenge the classification
- C. She worries that present-day archaeologists are not considering key evidence
- D. She believes the evidence now indicates that the situation was more complex
6. Why does the professor mention irrigation?
- A. To explain why early farming often required large amounts of land
- B. To demonstrate how farming methods have changed over time
- C. To support her point about farming providing a great quantity of food
- D. To explain how the Chinese were able to cultivate rice so early