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In the United States, medical information about patients traditionally has been recorded and stored on paper forms. However, there are efforts to persuade doctors to adopt electronic medical record systems in which information about patients is stored in electronic databases rather than on paper. It is argued that storing patients’ medical records in electronic databases has several advantages over traditional paper-based record keeping.

Reducing Costs
First, the use of electronic records can help reduce costs by saving money on storing and transferring medical records. While paper records require a significant amount of storage space, electronic medical records take up virtually no space. Moreover, by having patients’ records computerized in databases, doctors can easily access the records from almost anywhere and can easily duplicate and transfer them when necessary. This costs much less than copying, faxing, or transporting paper records from one location to another.

Preventing Errors
Second, electronic medical records are crucial to reducing the chances of medical errors. Illegible handwriting, improper transcription of data, and nonstandard organization of paper records have caused errors that in some cases have had serious consequences for the patients’ health. In contrast, electronic records are associated with standardization of forms and legible computer fonts and thus minimize the possibility of human error.

Aiding Research
Third, electronic medical records can greatly aid medical research by making it possible to gather large amounts of data from patient records. It is often impractical, impossible, or prohibitively expensive to manually go through thousands of patients’ paper records housed in doctors’ offices. However, with the existence of electronic medical records, it would be simple to draw out the needed information from the medical databases because the databases are already formatted for data collection. Once in the electronic system, the records could be accessed from any research location.

生词与表达整理

  • persuade v. 说服,劝说
  • have/has disadvantages over… 与。。。相比有好处
  • take up 占据
  • virtually adv. 事实上,几乎;实质上
  • computerized adj. 电脑化的;用电脑处理的
  • duplicate v. 复制
  • be crucial to 对于…重要的
  • the chance of …的可能性
  • illegible adj. 难辨认的;字迹模糊的
  • transcription n. 抄写;誊写
  • in some cases 在某些情况下
  • be associated with 与…相关
  • prohibitively adv. 过高地;过分地
  • manually adv. 手动地
  • draw out 取出;拟定
  • formatted adj. 格式化的

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