综合写作 – TPO41

Reading

Burning coal in power plants produces a waste product called coal ash, a material that contains small amounts of potentially harmful chemicals. Environmentalists in the United States are concerned about the damage such harmful chemicals may be doing to the environment and suggest that the United States government should create new, much stricter regulations for handling and storing coal ash.

However, representatives of power companies take the opposite view; they argue that new regulations are unnecessary and might actually have negative consequences They use the following arguments to support their position.

First, power company representatives point out that effective environmental regulations already exist. For example, one very important regulation requires companies to use liner-special material that prevents coal ash components from leaking into the soil and contaminating the surrounding environment. Companies that dispose of coal ash in disposal ponds or landfills must use liner in every new pond or landfill they build.

Second, some analysts predict that creating very strict rules for storing and handling coal ash might discourage the recycling of coal ash into other products. Currently, a large portion of coal ash generated by power plants is recycled: it is used, for example, in building materials such as concrete and bricks. Recycling coal ash reduces the need to dispose of it in other ways and presents no environmental danger. However, if new, stricter rules are adopted for handling coal ash, consumers may become concerned that recycled coal ash products are just too dangerous, and may stop buying the products.

Finally, strict new regulations would result in a significant increase in disposal and handling costs for the power companies. perhaps as much as ten times the current costs. Power companies would be forced to increase the price of electricity, which would not be welcomed by the general public.

文章生词与表达整理

  • coal n. 煤;木炭
  • plants n. 植物;工厂
  • potentially adv. 潜在地;可能地
  • be concerned about 关心
  • suggest … should do … 
  • regulation n. 管理;规则;校准
  • opposite adj. 相反的
  • argument 论证;证据
  • prevent … from doing … 防止/阻止做。。。
  • leak 泄露
  • soil n. 土地 v. 弄脏;侮辱
  • contaminate v. 污染,弄脏
  • dispose of 处理;解决
  • disposal n. 处理;支配;清理
  • predict v. 预测,预言
  • the recycling of… 回收利用
  • a large potion of 大量的
  • generate v. 产生
  • concrete n. 混凝土
  • be adopted for 被用来
  • concerned adj. 关心的;有关的
  • result in 导致,结果是
  • significant adj. 重大的;有意义的;意味深长的
  • be forced to 被迫
  • be welcomed by 受…欢迎

Listening

点击链接收听音频

听力原文范文Sample

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注