Listen to part of a lecture in a music history class.
- What does the professor mainly discuss?
- A. The influence of avant-garde music on twentieth-century painting.
- B. Critical reactions to twentieth-century experimental art forms.
- C. The concepts behind a piece by an avant-garde composer.
- D. The traditional elements in a famous piece of avant-garde music.
- According to the professor, how was John Cage influenced by Rauschenberg’s white paintings?
- A. They made him understand that artists should not be concerned with their audience.
- B. They showed him that an artwork with little content could still be rich in meaning.
- C. They demonstrated the importance of collaborating with artists in other fields.
- D. They inspired him to compose music that created visual impressions in listeners.
- Why was his visit to the anechoic chamber a profound experience for Cage?
- A. He discovered that he could still hear sounds inside the chamber.
- B. He discovered that echoes could be eliminated from a musical piece.
- C. He recognized the possibility of recording his body’s natural sounds.
- D. He realized that music did not need to be composed in silence.
- What was Cage’s attitude toward found sound?
- A. He considered found sound to be a theoretical concept with no practical use.
- B. He believed any noises could be musical if arranged carefully.
- C. He believed that unintentional noises could serve as replacements for musical instruments.
- D. He believed that compositions with random noises could be interpreted in different ways.
- What does the professor imply when he discusses the audience at the first performance of 4’33”?
- A. He believes that outside noise might have distracted the audience.
- B. He thinks that music critics appreciated the piece more than the general audience did.
- C. He suspects that the audience did not want to offend the composer.
- D. He thinks that the audience’s response to the piece was understandable.
- Why does the professor consider many of today’s performance of 4’33” to be misinterpretations?
- A. They take place outdoors
- B. They contain sounds that are intentional.
- C. The last longer than 4 minutes and 33 seconds.
- D. They do not include an actual piano.
C B A C D B