生物学 TPO25-L4 Play

TPO25-L4

Play

Listen to part of a lecture in an animal behavior class.

 


 

 

  1. What is the discussion mainly about?
  • A. The professor’s recent research on play and brain development.
  • B. Differing explanations of the reasons for play.
  • C. Examples of two distinct types of play fighting.
  • D. Differences in the play behaviors of various animal specials.

 

  1. One of the students brings up the example of play fighting among wolf pups. What does this example lead him to believe?
  • A. That wolves are especially violent animals.
  • B. That the play-as-preparation hypothesis is probably correct.
  • C. That wolves seldom engage in self-handicapping.
  • D. That the results of a recent study are probably not reliable.

 

  1. Which statement best expresses the professor’s opinion of the play-as-preparation hypothesis?
  • A. It is well supported by available evidence.
  • B. It may apply only to certain species of animals.
  • C. It does not explain some important aspects of play.
  • D. It is particularly useful explaining human behavior.

 

  1. What does the professor imply about self-handicapping?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. It commonly occurs in play but not in other activities.
  • B. It applies only to animal species that do not hunt for food.
  • C. It has been observed only in laboratory settings.
  • D. It contradicts the play-as-preparation hypothesis.

 

  1. The professor discusses a study on the relationship between brain growth and play. What does that study conclude?
  • A. Patterns of brain growth are similar in animals that play and animals that do not play.
  • B. Excessive brain growth can sometimes limit an animal’s behavioral vocabulary.
  • C. Animals that do not play have less-developed brains than animals that play.
  • D. Animals without well-developed brains are seldom observed playing.

 

  1. What does the student mean when she says this: 🎧

 

  • A. She is not familiar with the play behavior of wolf pups.
  • B. She doubts that wolf pups fight as much as the other students implies.
  • C. She is not sure that she correctly understood the reading assignment.
  • D. She disagrees with the other student’s opinion about play behavior.


答案:
B B C AD C D 

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