生物学 TPO46-L1 Swarm Intelligence

TPO46-L1

Swarm Intelligence


 

 

  1. What is the lecture mainly about?
  • A. Various methods that ants use to locate food
  • B. A collective behavior common to humans and animals
  • C. A type of animal behavior and its application by humans
  • D. Strategies that flocks of birds use to stay in formation

 

  1. According to the professor, what behavior plays an important role in the way ants obtain food?
  • A. Ants usually take a different path when they return to their nest.
  • B. Ants leave chemical trails when they are outside the nest.
  • C. Small groups of ants search in different locations.
  • D. Ants leave pieces of food along the path as markers.

 

  1. What are two principles of swarm intelligence based on the ant example?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. Individuals are aware of the group goal.
  • B. Individuals act on information in their local environment.
  • C. Individuals follow a leader’s guidance.
  • D. Individuals instinctively follow a set of rules.

 

  1. According to the professor, what path is followed by both telephone calls on a network and ants seeking food?
  • A. The path with the least amount of activity
  • B. The most crowded path
  • C. The path that is most reinforced
  • D. The path that has intermediate stopping points

 

  1. Why does the professor mention movies?
  • A. To identify movie scenes with computer-simulated flocks of birds
  • B. To identify a good source of information about swarm intelligence
  • C. To emphasize how difficult it still is to simulate bird flight
  • D. To explain that some special effects in movies are based on swarm intelligence

 

  1. What is the professor’s attitude about attempts to create computer-generated crowds of people?
  • A. She believes that the rules of birds’ flocking behavior do not apply to group behavior in humans.
  • B. She thinks that crowd scenes could be improved by using the behavior of ant colonies as a model.
  • C. She is surprised by how realistic the computer-generated crowds are.
  • D. She is impressed that computer graphics can create such a wide range of emotions.


答案:
C B BD C D A

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