艺术史 46-L3 Ultramarine

TPO46-L3

Ultramarine


 

 

  1. What is the lecture mainly about?
  • A. The economic factors that made lapis lazuli expensive
  • B. The types of paintings in which the color blue is popular
  • C. Early processes for making blue pigments from stones
  • D. Difficulties using the color blue in early paintings

 

  1. What was Gainsborough’s goal when he painted The Blue Boy?
  • A. To find an acceptable alternative to ultramarine pigment
  • B. To demonstrate that blue should be used only in certain paintings
  • C. To contradict a common belief about the use of blue in a painting
  • D. To protest the high costs of painting with most blue pigments

 

  1. What does the professor imply about smalt as a substitute for lapis lazuli?
  • A. It eventually became as expensive as lapis lazuli.
  • B. It was used frequently throughout the nineteenth century.
  • C. It was not of an acceptable quality for many artists.
  • D. It was seen as a better substitute for lapis lazuli than azurite was.

 

  1. What two points does the professor make about the process of turning lapis lazuli into ultramarine?  [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. It took a lot of time.
  • B. It required expensive tools.
  • C. It did not produce much pigment.
  • D. It was perfected by the French.

 

  1. Why does the professor mention the French government?
  • A. To indicate who sponsored the digging of additional lapis lazuli mines
  • B. To emphasize the importance of developing an affordable blue pigment
  • C. To point out that artists were not permitted to use certain stones to make pigments
  • D. To question the government’s use of public funds to support the arts

 

  1. What does the professor imply when he says this: 🎧
  • A. He is not convinced the Egyptians made the first synthetic pigment
  • B. He is impressed by the Egyptians’ accomplishment.
  • C. The process the Egyptians used is now widely known.
  • D. The Egyptian pigment was of lower quality than today’s pigments.

答案:
D C C AC B B

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