生物学 TPO28-L2 Mirror Self-Recognition

TPO28-L2

Mirror Self-Recognition



 

  1. What is the main purpose of the lecture?
  • A. To show that some birds have cognitive skills similar to those of primates
  • B. To explain how the brains of certain primates and birds evolved
  • C. To compare different tests that measure the cognitive abilities of animals
  • D. To describe a study of the relationship between brain size and cognitive abilities

 

  1. When giving magpies the mirror mark test, why did researchers place the mark on the magpies’ throats?
  • A. Throat markings trigger aggressive behavior in other magpies.
  • B. Throat markings are extremely rare in magpies.
  • C. Magpies cannot see their own throats without looking in a mirror.
  • D. Magpies cannot easily remove a mark from their throats.

 

  1. According to the professor, some corvids are known to hide their food. What possible reasons does she provide for this behavior?
    [CHOOSE 2 ANSWERS]
  • A. They are ensuring that they will have food to eat at a later point in time.
  • B. They want to keep their food in a single location that they can easily defend.
  • C. They have been conditioned to exhibit this type of behavior.
  • D. They may be projecting their own behavioral tendencies onto other corvids.

 

  1. What is the professor’s attitude toward the study on pigeons and mirror self-recognition?
  • A. She is surprised that the studies have not been replicated.
  • B. She believes the study’s findings are not very meaningful.
  • C. She expects that further studies will show similar results.
  • D. She thinks that it confirms what is known about magpies and jays.

 

  1. What does the professor imply about animals that exhibit mirror self-recognition?
  • A. They acquired this ability through recent evolutionary changes.
  • B. They are not necessarily more intelligent than other animals.
  • C. Their brains all have an identical structure that governs this ability.
  • D. They may be able to understand another animal’s perspective.

 

  1. According to the professor, what conclusion can be drawn from what is now known about corvids’ brains?
  • A. The area in corvids’ brains that governs cognitive functions governs other functions as well.
  • B. Corvids’ brains have evolved in the same way as other birds’ brains, only more rapidly.
  • C. Corvids’ and primates’ brains have evolved differently but have some similar cognitive abilities.
  • D. The cognitive abilities of different types of corvids vary greatly.


答案:
A C AD B D C

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